2021/09/10 at 2:16 pm
Yen Bai is a province in the northern midland and mountainous region of Vietnam. Yen Bai is located in the Northwest, adjacent to the Northeast. The province shares border with Tuyen Quang and Ha Giang in the northeast, Phu Tho in the southeast, Son La in the southwest, and 2 provinces of Lai Chau and Lao Cai in the northwest. Yen Bai terrain is steep, rising from Southeast to Northwest and formed by 3 large mountain ranges in Northwest – Southeast direction including Hoang Lien Son Mountain Range – Pu Luong lying between Red River and Da River, Con Voi Mountain (Elephant Mountain) between Red River and Chay riverand limestone mountain and limestone mountain between Chay River and Lo River. The relative complex terrain but can de divided into 2 major areas: the lowland and highland. The highland with the average altitude of 600m accounts for 67.56% the provincial area. This is the sparsely with the potential in land, forest products, mineral and ability to mobilize in socio-economic development. The lowland with the altitude of 600m, mainly low mountainous terrain, basin valley, accounts for 32.44% of the natural area. Yen Bai climate features the sub-tropical climate of the North Vietnam, the hot and humid summers and the dry and cold winters. The average temperature is 22 – 23°C, the average rainfall ranges from 1500 – 2200mm/ year; the average humidity is 83 – 87%, favorable for agriculture – forest development.
Yen Bai has 9 administrative units (Yen Bai City, Nghia Lo Town, Luc Yen District, Mu Cang Chai District, Tram Tau District, Tran Yen District, Van Chan District, Van Yen District and Yen Binh District) with 180 communes, wards and towns. Among them, 70 mountainous communes and 62 difficult communes have been invested following the national socio-economic development program. 2 mountainous districts of Tram Tau and Mu Cang Chai (80% of H’mong people) are one of 61 poor districts of the country.